a Te Deum, goes the expression you sometimes hear in the Catholic
world. Just one thing: one hardly ever hears a Te Deum. I’ve heard it
probably six times in real life but that’s because I attend Catholic
music events that actually teach this music and encourage people to sing
it. But the people singing are experiencing it for the first time. Most
Catholics have no idea what a Te Deum sounds like.
is a huge body of work out there which we can call the Gregorian hymn.
No, these were not written by St. Gregory the Great. But they are part
of the spirit of the tradition of Gregorian chant: vigorous and
evocative music on one note that are structured to convey the truths of
the scripture and the Catholic faith.
tunes are not part of the Mass liturgy proper in the sense that they
are not usually drawn from the text of the liturgy itself (which is to
say they are not part of the ordinary or the propers of the Mass). Many
of them are taken from the Divine Office, which, believe it or not, was a
common liturgical experience for Catholic in the middle ages. These
days most all Catholics experience the Mass only so many of the forms of
singing that began with the Office gradually moved over to become
occasional music for Mass. Others pieces might have served particular
purposes in Mass and then entered into general use. Still others are
just pretty pieces. Solesmes has called these pieces Gregorian melodies.
They are the people’s music.
examples might include: the four Marian antiphons, Adoro te devote, Ave
verum Corpus, Christus vincit, Da pacem Domine, Jesu dulcis memoria,
Panis angelicus, Oremus pro Pontifice, Ven Creator Spiritus, Ave maris
stella, Tota pulchra es, Conditor alme siderum, Veni veni Emmanuel,
Resonet in laudibus, Te Deum, Dies Irae, among many others. They
constitute popular Catholic song as it has been known through the ages. Today, not one in a thousand Catholics know of
them at all.
World War II, with the chant tradition in serious decline, some
publishers worked to salvage what they could of the chant tradition and
settled on these pieces on a way to preserve and inspire. They put out
books with this music. It was a noble effort. But of course it failed.
After the Second Vatican Council, there was a widespread perception that
lasted for 40 years that anything in Latin was outmoded and therefore
discouraged and therefore not to be used at all. It was not suitable to
the new age of vernacular.
situated persisted. The books went out of print. The chant conferences
ended. No one really cared anymore. There were some pockets of
exceptions, a few Latin Masses here and there. But for the mainstream of
Catholic life, there was virtually no circulation of this music,
editions of this music with English translations, instructions on how to
sing, and even the ability to read the notes nearly vanished.
book that attempted to bring it all back, and also provide other music
for the people from the Mass itself (Kyrie, Gloria, Sanctus, Agnus) was
the Parish Book of Chant.
It was published by the Church Music Association of America. It was the
largest collection of Gregorian hymns published in the post-Council
period and probably ever, and it included enough actual service music to
be a great book for the pews too. Well, it was published by an
organization with no money at all and no staff, and done on the fly,
just because no one else seemed to be doing.
seems incredible to me that this was only 5 years ago. Most of the
growth of the Gregorian chant movement has occurred since that time.
This has been an essential resource, the basis of so much else. Since
that time the CMAA has published new books of scholarship, English
propers, Pslamody, choral propers, and so much else. Looking back at it,
I suspect that I too had begun to feel that this book was less
necessary. I became newly convicted of the new for sung propers and
ordinary in the Mass, and was drawn to a more strict rendering of the
liturgical text that had been entirely dropped. It became unclear to me
(or at least less clear) what the role of this popular chant really was
in Catholic life.
then several strange things happened. After several printings and a
total distribution of about 12,000, the Parish Book of Chant fell out of
print. Richard Rice began to work on a much-expanded edition. The
prices of used copies on Amazon began to soar to as much as $100 and
more. Then I was teaching at a conference on chant, with an intention to
focus on propers, and someone had a copy with her. I asked to borrow
and flipped through the pages. It was love all over again. I love these
songs. They so beautiful and so accessible, truly the people’s music. I
realized all over again that this is a dazzling collection.
wasn’t long before Richard finished his second edition. He chose to put
in the full verses to the hymns. He added the Sequences. He added the
full Requiem Mass. He included the fully 18 Mass settings from the
Gregorian Kyriale. The edition included even the five communion chants
that are commonly used in the ordinary form. It keep the full ordo for
the extraordinary and ordinary forms of Mass, plus much else. The entire
book came in at 325 pages. I worried about the thickness so we thinned
out the paper to make it easier to handle. Then we changed the cover and
added two pretty ribbons. Truly, this is book that it should have been
who is using this book? Well, the natural market is the new scholars
that have been formed over the last few years. They need to begin
singing the parts of the Mass and this is a great resource for that. In
addition, new scholas need to revive the Gregorian tradition of hymnody.
The addition of the Requiem Mass is a brilliant stroke since this is a
good place for parish scholas to sing in the early stages. The end
result is absolutely spectacular in every way.
addition, every period in history must absolutely have a book like this
in print. This is the only one today. It is not an official book of the
liturgy but it can and does play an essential role. In the perfect
world, it would be in the pews in every parish. Also, for a parish that
uses both forms of Mass, this is the only book to include both in an
easy-to-use format for the pew.
this tradition of singing be kept alive and must it thrive? Absolutely
it must. But it cannot happen unless there are beautiful resources —
with English translations — to make it happen. This is the might
contribution of this book. It is newly available on Amazon. Look for the
Parish Book of Chant with the blue cover. And let’s sing and sing to
the glory of God, together as a Catholic people.
Incoming search terms:
- music of the catholic mass
- www cccb catholic chants song 2013